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Malnutrition Issues in Nigeria


The Nutrition Society of Nigeria (NSN) has stated that Nigerian remains one of the first 20 countries with the highest burden of malnutrition.

ccording to the society, the nutritional status of many Nigerians is still far from expected, as the prevalence of all forms of malnutrition remains high.

Speaking at the Nutrition Education Programme last week in Lagos, President, Nutrition Society of Nigeria, Prof Ngozi Nnam, quoting statistics, said about 37 per cent of Nigerian children were stunted, 29 per cent underweight and 18 per cent wasted while micronutrient deficiencies were also high.

According to her, “While we are grappling with the challenge of under nutrition, the incidence of obesity and related manifestations of over-nutrition are beginning to emerge at relatively significant levels.”

Nnam noted that nutrition is the bedrock of development and that for an individual to develop well that individual needs to be in the state of good nutritional status.

“And it’s only people that eat well, and combine their food well, and they are in the state of good nutritional status can reach their desire potentials in life, and will be able to make significant contribution to the development of the nation.”

She said: “Poverty rate is not the major cause of malnutrition in Nigeria because, most of these people we say are “poor”, around their environments, they have fruits that could really make them be in good nutritional status. The problem is not poverty, the problem is that they lack nutrition knowledge.

“Also let’s take fats and oil for instance: adding vegetable oil or fortified margarine improves the taste of our meals, gives us the feeling of satisfaction. I must also encourage Nigerians to ensure they consume foods that are fortified with essential micronutrients such as fortified margarine, iodized salt, fortified flours and others.

“It is important we clarify the dynamics of food intake and healthy weights. When we eat properly in ways that meet our daily energy and nutrient needs we maintain healthy weights? This means our food intake matches our daily nutrient needs considering our physiological requirements and physical activity levels,” she said.

Nnam noted that this is why NSN has taken the lead in partnership with Unilever, through the Blueband Social Mission to address nutrition education challenges in Nigeria.

Dr.Abimbola Ajayi, Director of Nutrition, Lagos State Ministry of Health noted that this is the way to go for Nigeria especially by National Development.

“We all know that, we are often been told that we are what we eat, and not just that, food is what makes you and Nutrition comes out of food and one thing we also know is that, if a person is not adequately nourished, the person is practically in no place to do much of anything,” he noted.

Ajayi said at the very immediate level, malnutrition results when our dietary intake is inadequate. This means not eating foods in the right quantity to match our physiological requirements and activity level, not having meals that can provide our daily nutrient needs in terms of energy, carbohydrates, fats, protein, vitamins and minerals, and water..

Victor Ajieroh, Nutrition and Health Manager, Unilever Nigeria, said, nutrition was a major focus area for Unilever and fitted into the objectives of the Unilever Sustainable Living Plan.

One goal of the Unilever Sustainable living Plan is to improve the health and wellbeing of over a billion people across the world and nutrition is a key pillar for achieving this.

“As a company, we are committed to creating a better future every day. We make people feel good, look good and get more out of life through our brands and services. We positively impact nutrition in Nigeria through our brands by building key nutrition considerations as what our brands deliver. We believe that brands can be powerful vehicles for change,” he said.

He said Unilever brands served as vehicles to reach Nigerians with many essential micronutrients.

“For instance, Blue Band is fortified with six Vitamins: Vitamins A, D, Folic acid, B2, B6 and niacin. By making fortified foods available to Nigerians, we help all families to meet their daily needs for these important nutrients. This is why it has the fortification logo and is also endorsed by the Nutrition Society of Nigeria,” he added.

 culled from www.leadership.ng
1 Comment for “Malnutrition Issues in Nigeria”
  • Louvenia Ditchfield October 12, 2017 at 1:25 pm

    Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a medical time period
    that describes the lack to attain and or maintain an erect penis satisfactory for sexual perform.

    This situation is one in every of the commonest sexual
    issues for males and will increase with age. It’s estimated between 15 to
    30 million American males undergo from ED, though not
    all males are equally distressed by the issue.
    Most males have issue with erections occasionally, but in some males, it’s an everyday and extra extreme drawback.

    It may cause low shallowness, efficiency anxiety, depression and stress.

    ED could have an effect on the standard of a marriage or intimate relationships.
    Nonetheless, there are lots of protected and efficient ED therapies out there.

    What occurs beneath regular situations?
    Attaining a standard erection is a fancy course of
    involving psychological impulses from the mind,
    ample ranges of the male intercourse hormone testosterone, a functioning nervous system, and ample and wholesome vascular tissue within the penis.

    The only manner to explain the means of erection is to
    think about a washing machine. The “on-off” change (the mind) initiates the method; the wires within the washing machine (the nerves) carry the electrical sign to the pipes (the blood vessels), when an applicable sign arrives a valve opens to permit water to stream
    in (the arteries carry blood into the penis) and the drain shuts (the penile veins shut).
    Water flows in and fills the tank (the penis
    fills with blood and turns into erect) and the wash cycle begins (enjoys sexual exercise).
    At the tip of the wash cycle this course of reverses,
    the swap goes to the off place (the mind terminates erection), the valve closes
    (the arteries markedly lower blood inflow) and the drain opens
    draining the wash tank of water (the veins open, blood leaves the penis and
    erection subsides).
    How do erections happen?
    When a man just isn’t sexually aroused, his penis is comfortable, limp or flaccid.

    Throughout sexual arousal, nerve messages launch chemicals that enhance blood circulation into the penis.
    The blood flows into two erection chambers fabricated from spongy tissue (the corpus cavernosum) within the penis.
    The “smooth muscle” within the erection chambers relaxes,
    which permits blood to enter and stay within the chambers.

    The strain of the blood within the chambers makes the
    penis agency, producing an erection. After a man has an orgasm, the blood flows out of the chambers and the erection subsides.

    What are the chance elements for ED?
    The commonest danger components for ED are:

    age over 50

    cardiovascular illness

    These diseases over a interval, can result in a degeneration of the penile blood vessels, resulting in restriction of blood move by way of the arteries and to erectile tissue harm, which permits leakage of blood via the veins
    throughout erection.
    Abnormally low ranges of circulating testosterone could trigger ED,
    though low testosterone is present in a minority of males who develop ED.

    Low ranges of sexual want, lack of power, temper disturbances,
    lack of muscle power and depression can all be signs of low testosterone.
    A easy blood take a look at can decide if the testosterone degree is abnormally low.
    Low ranges of testosterone might be changed through the use of a quantity of various supply
    methods (e.g., pictures, pores and skin patches,
    gels, sub-dermal implants).
    The alternatives made in life can result in degeneration of the erectile tissue and the event
    of ED. Smoking, drug or alcohol abuse, notably over durations of time, will compromise the
    blood vessels of the penis. Lack of train and a sedentary way of
    life additionally contribute to the event of ED.

    Modifying these danger components could contribute to general well
    being and in some people appropriate mild ED.
    Patients undergoing surgical procedure or radiation therapy for most cancers of the prostate, bladder, colon or rectum are at excessive threat for
    the event of ED. Medicine used to deal with these threat
    elements listed above may additionally result in or worsen ED.

    One other trigger of ED is peripheral neuropathy during which the nerves resulting in the penis fail
    to ship coordinated alerts to the penis. Peripheral
    neuropathy will be brought on by diabetes, HIV infection,
    sure medications and different much less widespread circumstances.

    What causes ED?
    ED can consequence from medical, bodily or psychological elements.
    ED could also be brought on by a mixture of things that would additionally
    embody medication, alcohol or medication. The
    bodily and medical causes of ED embody three fundamental issues:

    Not sufficient blood flows into the penis. Many circumstances can cut back blood movement
    into the penis, examples embrace coronary heart illness, diabetes and smoking.

    The penis can not retailer blood throughout an erection. A man with this
    downside, known as venous leak or cavernosal dysfunction, can’t
    maintain an erection as a result of blood doesn’t stay trapped within the penis.

    This situation can happen to any man no matter age.

    Nerve alerts from the mind or spinal cord don’t
    attain the penis. Sure diseases, damage or surgical procedure within the pelvic space can injury nerves within the penis.

    Sexual exercise requires the thoughts and physique to work collectively.

    Psychological, emotional or relationship issues may cause or
    worsen ED; and embrace however should not restricted to:

    Relationship conflicts

    Stress at dwelling or work

    Anxiety about sexual efficiency
    Many prescription and over-the-counter medications could have sides impact typically inflicting erection difficulties.
    Medicine resembling marijuana, heroin, cocaine and alcohol can result in sexual
    In case your ED is because of a hormonal downside, resembling low
    testosterone or diabetes, you could also be referred to an endocrinologist.
    Your healthcare supplier may refer you to a psychological well being skilled.
    These specialists deal with psychological or
    emotional causes of ED. Even in case your ED just isn’t attributable to these components, it could contribute
    to them. It could also be useful to get counseling, alone or together with your
    companion, along with getting medical therapy for ED.

    Who will get ED?
    Research present about one-half of American males over age forty have some extent of
    ED. At one time, well being care suppliers thought that psychological
    issues, resembling stress and anxiety, have been the primary causes of ED.
    Latest research present most ED circumstances have a bodily trigger.
    Whereas ED turns into extra widespread as males age, rising outdated just isn’t the reason for the issue.
    Although sexual operate could lower with age, many males get pleasure from sexual exercise properly into
    their senior years.
    ED will be an early warning signal of a extra severe sickness,
    equivalent to coronary heart illness, excessive blood strain or diabetes mellitus.
    Diagnosing and treating the situation that causes ED can enhance your general properly
    being, in addition to assist restore your sexual
    well being.
    How is ED diagnosed?
    ED is diagnosed by an urologist or one other medical skilled and for many patients;
    the analysis would require a easy medical historical past,
    bodily examination and some routine blood assessments.

    Medical Historical past examination requires well being care
    suppliers to ask about you, and your ED expertise. The physician may also
    need to know when you’ve got every other situations that may have an effect on your ED, such an any endocrine issues or depression. They could ask questions about your sexual historical past and efficiency, which could also be very private however needed
    to grasp the foundation trigger of the issue.
    The essential factor to recollect is to not be embarrassed whereas talking along with your physician and
    to be very open to permit for the very best therapy choices for you.
    Different questions the physician is prone to ask are the next:

    Your present sexual operate

    When you began noticing modifications

    Any previous medical or sexual issues

    Surgery or harm to the pelvic space

    Current and previous medicine utilization

    Lifestyle and private habits (i.e. smoking, drinking, use of illicit medicine, and so on.)

    Relationship with present and previous companions
    Bodily Examinations means the physician will examine
    your total well being and bodily situation. They’ll search for indicators
    of issues together with your circulatory, nervous
    and endocrine system. This consists of checking your blood stress, penis and testicles and chances are you’ll have
    to have a rectal examination to verify the prostate.
    These exams should not painful and should present useful
    details about the reason for ED. Most patients don’t require in depth testing earlier than starting remedy.

    The selection of testing and remedy relies on the objectives of the person. If erection returns with easy remedy like
    oral treatment and the affected person is glad, no additional analysis and remedy are vital.
    If the preliminary remedy response is insufficient or the affected person just
    isn’t glad, then additional steps could also be taken. On the whole, as extra invasive therapy choices are chosen, testing might develop into extra complicated.

    What are some non-surgical remedies?
    The primary line of therapy for uncomplicated ED is use
    of oral medications generally known as phosphodiesterase-5
    inhibitors (PDE-5):

    sildenafil citrate (Viagra®),

    vardenafil HCl (Levitra®),

    tadalafil (Cialis®)
    L-Argininine (Vydox)
    Males with ED take these pills earlier than starting sexual exercise and the medicine increase the pure indicators which can be
    generated throughout intercourse, thereby bettering
    and prolonging the erection itself. The medicine works by stress-free the muscle
    cells within the penis permitting for higher blood movement and manufacturing of a
    inflexible erection. These medications are sometimes efficient,
    and practically eighty% of males present enchancment
    as soon as they start use. The medicine are efficient no matter race and
    age. Though research have proven these medications could be utilized by coronary heart
    patients, males taking nitrates ought to converse with their physician earlier than use to grasp the doable
    drug interactions or impacts on their different well being circumstances.

    The unwanted side effects of PDE-5 inhibitors are mild and often transient, reducing
    in depth with continued use. The most typical unintended
    effects are headache, stuffy nostril, flushing and muscle aches.
    In uncommon instances, sildenafil may cause non permanent blue-inexperienced shading of imaginative
    and prescient. There is no such thing as a lengthy-time period threat and decreases as
    the quantity of the drug within the physique decreases.
    It is very important observe the medications directions to be able to get the most effective outcomes.
    Exams have proven forty % of males who don’t reply to sildenafil will reply after they obtain correct instruction on the
    medications use.
    For males who don’t reply to oral medications one other drug,
    alprostadil, is authorised to be used in males with ED.
    This drug is available in two kinds: injections that the
    affected person locations immediately into the aspect of the penis and an intraurethral suppository.
    Success charges in attaining a agency erection helpful for sexual intercourse with self-injection can attain eighty five %.
    Modifying alprostadil to permit intraurethral supply avoids
    the necessity for a shot, however reduces the chance of
    profitable therapy. The commonest adversarial results of alprostadil use are
    a burning sensation within the penis and a chronic erection lasting over 4 hours, requiring medical intervention to reverse the erection.
    For males who can not or don’t want to make use of drug therapy, an exterior
    vacuum system could also be acceptable. This machine combines a plastic cylinder or
    tube that slips over the penis, making a seal with the pores and skin of the physique.
    A pump on the alternative finish of the cylinder creates a low-stress vacuum across the erectile tissue,
    which ends up in an erection. To maintain the erection as soon as the
    plastic cylinder is eliminated a rubber constriction band goes round the bottom of the penis, which
    maintains the erection. With correct instruction, seventy five p.c of males can obtain a useful erection utilizing a vacuum erection gadget.

    Some males who’ve extreme penis tissue degeneration don’t reply to any of the therapies listed above.

    Whereas this can be a small variety of males, they normally have essentially the most extreme types of ED.
    Patients most more likely to fall into this group are males
    with superior diabetes, males who suffered from ED earlier than undergoing surgical
    or radiation therapy for prostate or bladder most cancers and males with deformities of the penis known as Peyronie’s illness.
    For these patients reconstructive prosthetic surgical procedure (placement of
    a penile prosthesis or “implant”) will create an erection, with affected
    person satisfaction charges approaching ninety p.c.
    Surgical prosthetic placement usually might be carried out in an outpatient
    setting or with one evening of hospital commentary.

    Potential adversarial results embrace infection of the prosthesis or mechanical failure of the system.

    What might be anticipated after therapy?
    The entire therapies, with the exception of prosthetic reconstructive surgical procedure, are momentary and meant to be
    used on demand. The remedies compensate for however don’t right the underlying drawback within the penis.
    It is very important comply with-up together with your physician and
    report on the success of the therapy. In case your targets usually are not reached,
    in case your erection isn’t of adequate high quality or duration and you’re nonetheless distressed,
    you need to discover the options along with your physician. As a result of the medications used will not be correcting the issues resulting
    in ED, your response over time is probably not what it as
    soon as was. If such ought to happen once more, have a repeat dialogue
    along with your physician concerning the remaining remedy choices.

    Continuously Requested Questions
    How do I do know my ED is just not in my head?

    We have no idea this for positive. It’s unimaginable to show that there isn’t any psychological part to a man’s ED.

    A few years in the past, medical doctors thought that almost
    all males with ED had psychological issues. We now notice that almost
    all males have an underlying bodily trigger and that the reason for ED is usually a mixture of bodily and psychological components.

    If I fear about my skill to get an erection, can I make a foul situation worse?

    Nothing occurs within the physique with out the mind; worrying about your skill to get an erection can itself interfere
    with the method. This situation is known as efficiency anxiety and will be overcome with training and therapy.

    Can I mix therapy choices?
    This is commonly achieved however due to the chance
    of extended erections with drug therapy, it ought to solely
    be carried out below physician supervision. Ask your physician for correct
    I used to be wonderful till I started taking this new drug,
    what ought to I do?
    Many medication may cause ED, however some can’t be modified as a result of the advantages outweigh the adversarial results.

    In case you are sure, a particular drug has precipitated the issue, talk
    about the potential of a remedy change along with your physician. If you should stay on the particular remedy inflicting the issue, the remedy choices outlined above can nonetheless be used generally.

    The place can I get extra data?


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